Hair transplant represents the only permanent solution to androgenic alopecia and to other forms of hair loss.
Hair follicles in the occipital area of the scalp are not affected by the action of androgenic hormones. That is why also those patients who reach the most advanced stage of androgenic alopecia will always have hair in the occipital area.
This area is also called donor area. This is where the surgeon harvests the follicular units that will be placed in the hairless or thinning areas.
Transplanted hair will grow forever conserving the main characteristics of the donor area, thus being safe from the action of hair loss responsible hormones.
The two main hair transplantation techniques are:
- FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation)
- FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction)
If carried out by expert hands both techniques are valuable. However, in recent years, FUE technique is supplanting FUT. This is due to the many positive characteristics of the FUE technique, which makes it the most requested by patients.
The FUT technique consists in the removal of a strip of scalp from the donor area. The follicular units are then sectioned and placed in the recipient area.
This technique has a disadvantage: it leads to the creation of a linear scar. This is the reason why many patients don’t request this technique anymore, especially young patients who want to be free to shorten their hair.
Furthermore, recovery in case of FUT is more painful due to the presence of stitches and to the depth of the dissection.
Following the description of the FUE technique.